The causes of diabetes mellitus are numerous and may change from person to person. They will also be different depending on whether you have type I or type II diabetes. The final type, gestational diabetes, is triggered by a woman becoming pregnant and generally only lasts as long as the gestation period, but can leave her more susceptible to type II diabetes in the future.
- Diet – The links between diabetes and diet are obvious, as a poor diet tends to include foods high in carbohydrates and fats that break down into high blood sugar levels. These high blood sugar levels put a lot of stress on the pancreas to produce more insulin to break it down and like any body part the pancreas suffers from over use.
- Obesity – Obesity is often linked to a poor diet as the body struggles to process the number of calories and the refined carbohydrate. Obesity comes as a result of excess fat being stored around the body, and while different people store their fat in different external areas, obesity causes fat to cover all of the major internal organs. This covering of fat impairs their function, which in terms of the pancreas prevents it from producing appropriate levels of insulin.
- Alcohol and tobacco – Any drug that changes your mood or perception effectively acts as a poison on your system. The terrible feelings associated with a come down from nicotine and alcohol stems from your body having to process the toxins to get rid of the drugs. Like with any poisons, alcohol and tobacco affect the performance of internal organs, especially those charged with purifying and processing such as your pancreas.
- Stress – The pace of life in the western world now means that everyone seems to juggle many different things daily, which can lead to emotional stress. Stress has a very strong causality with a range of illnesses and diseases because it reduces the effectiveness of your immune system. It can also affect your eating habits as many people resort to comfort eating to deal with the stress.